freedom of India, resisting tyranny and serving the land, I should welcome that Englishman as an Indian".
Long afterwards, in 1925, Gandhi defined his ideal more specifically in the following terms: "By Swaraj I mean the government of India by the vote of the largest number of the adult population, male or female, native born or domiciled who have contributed by manual labour to the service of the State and who have taken the trouble of having their names registered as voters. I hope also that real Swaraj will come not by the acquisition of authority by a few but by the acquisition of the capacity by all to resist authority when abused", (Selections *, p. 114). "Mere withdrawal of the English", he wrote in 1931, " is not independence. It means the consciousness in the average villager that he is the maker of his own destiny, he is his own legislator through his chosen representatives". (Selections, p. 114).
Gandhi was firmly of the opinion that if violence were used instead of non-violence, power would eventually gravitate into the hands of a dominant minority who are in possession of the instruments of violence. This is a contingency which he wanted to guard against by always keeping