A remarkable feature of this Diary is that it deals with two parts of two distinct periods in the history of India's struggle with a big gap between the parts, both in time and in the political and psychological situation of the country.
The first part begins on 27-10-1920 and ends in June 1921, the second covers a period of 10 days, viz., from d. 18-1-1924 to d. 27-1-1924. There is thus a time-gap of about 2 years and a half.
As regards the first part, the last Editor of M. D's Diaries, Naraharibhai Parikh, has given in his preface to the second volume of this series such a vivid and thoughtful picture of the non-co-operation struggle waged in 1921, that there is no need here to add anything to his observations. But the gap that follows needs clarification. This intervening period also may be divided into 2 parts, the period before Gandhiji was sent to jail, i. e., between July 1921 and March 1922, and the period during his confinement in jail, i. e. from March 1922 to January 1924.
During the first period, the seeds of non-violent non-co-operation he had sown at the Congress session of Nagpur and earlier had yielded a rich crop. As this volume also shows, he made a hurricane tour all over India and visited various places and regions, such as Bombay, Poona, Aligarh, U. p., Bengal, Assam, Madras, South India, the Punjab etc. to explain, to spread, and to get implemented his message of non-violent non-co-operation. Monster meetings were held and bonfires of foreign cloth were lighted not only in leading cities but in towns and villages also.
The next session of the Congress was to be held at Ahmedabad in December 1921. The Government's earliest reaction was that of ridiculing the movement, as it had imagined that the