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Day to day with Gandhi - Volume IV
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page 8/391

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Publisher's Note
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inasmuch as the Swarajists had already secured at the Cocanada Congress in 1923 a firm foothold for their programme.

    His parleys with the Swarajist leaders, Motilal Nehru and C. R. Das, gave him no new light, but he saw that it was unwise, if not impossible, in the then prevailing darkness and gloom to take up arms against the Swarajists and make the Congress revert to its pristine boycotts. Gandhiji and the other two leaders issued separate statements in which they agreed to differ. But he did pour oil on the waters by asking his No-changer followers to give up their hostile attitude and concentrate on the constructive programme.

    All the same the rift in the Congress only widened; this came out at the Ahmedabad meeting of the All-India Congress Committee held on June 27, 28 and 29th. Gandhiji proposed a punitive clause (in his spinning franchise resolution) for a Congressman elected to any office who failed to contribute
2000 yards of yarn. The clause created a sharp reaction by the Swarajists who walked out in protest. Gandhiji took the novel step of rescinding the clause on the ground that those who had walked out would have voted against it.

    But the worst was yet to come. His resolution condemning Gopinath Saha for murdering an Englishman, while appreciating his 'misguided love', was stoutly opposed by C. R. Das. "Not that he (Das) did not swear by non-violence, but he would change the emphasis on different clauses considerably. Gandhi was disappointed to find some of his dearest and closest follo- wers voting against the resolution." ("History of the Congress" by Dr. B. P. Sitaramayya, p.464).

    He brokedown in public (one of the rarest occasions of his life) and then gave vent to his anguish in two articles, "Defeated and Humbled" (App.I-2) and "The All India Congress Committee" (App.I-3).

    But after that event, (though it may not be because of it) Gandhiji saw like a flash the real need of the times, viz., unity even at the cost of his beloved non-co-operation programme.

    cardinal faith in non-violence or love was probably the


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