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 Timeline of Kasturba  for  IV : Post Sabarmati and Sevagram Phase (1931-1942)
   
29th August, 1931 Gandhiji left for the Round Table Conference in London. Ba remained behind. She said "I have a lot to do here", and worked among the poor and for rehabilitation of former Satyagrahi prisoners.

1932 The news of the breakdown of the Round Table Conference led to spontaneous protests and a new phase of civil disobedience in India. The Government tried to crush the movement. Gandhiji was arrested at Bombay. Ba too was arrested and put in Sabarmati jail for 6 weeks-her first imprisonment in India. After release, she tried to meet Gandhiji in Yeravda jail but he had refused to meet any visitors because "imprisonment means absence of rights." He wrote to Devdas: "Ba will feel the shock most. But she is to endure shocks. All those who form or keep connections with me must pay a heavy price. Ba has to pay the heaviest." Ba was again put in Sabarmati jail now for two months.

20th September, 1932 Gandhiji went on fast unto death in Yeravda jail against separate electorates for Harijans announced under the Communal Award "to sting the Hindu conscience into right religions action." Ba was allowed to be with Bapu in Yeravda jail. She saw that he was sinking fast. She promptly took charge of his little improvised nursing set-up. She as usual cut down her own food intake to barest minimum during Bapu's fast.

26th September, 1932 Gandhiji's life was ebbing fast, blood pressure alarmingly high, weight down to below 95 Ibs. By afternoon, 'Yeravda Pact' was concluded under which: "Hence forth no one is to be regarded as Untouchable." Gandhiji agreed to break fast. Col. E.E. Doyle, I.G. of Prisons, insisted with Gandhiji: "One more thing, the fruit juice must be handed to you by Mrs. Gandhi."

3rd December, 1932 Kasturba represented Gandhiji at the opening of an anti-untouchability conference in Madras. From there she went on a tour of the region to plead for Harijan rights. There was a strong orthodox Hindu backlash against Bapu and Ba.

February 1933 Ba was sent back to jail presumably for not refraining from civil disobedience. A cycle of arrests, jails and releases continued for Bapu and Ba. In May, Gandhiji started his 21 days' fast for 'self-purification' and to urge greater efforts on be half of the Harijans. Both were released. After a few days Ba was rearrested for the 6'" time in 2 years and awarded 6 months in Sabarmati jail, with no visitors and only one letter per week to Bapu (sent or received) allowed. The British now regarded Ba even as a greater threat than Bapu due to her unique ability to involve women in the freedom movement.

16th June, 1933 Devdas Gandhi and Lakshmi were married.

1934 Kasturba was released in May. In June, while Ba and Bapu were going in a car to address a meeting in Poona against untouchability, a crude bomb was thrown at them. It hit the following car, injuring seven persons. Gandhiji had transferred the Sabarmati Ashram to the newly formed 'Order for the Service of Harijans.' He had started living in a tiny mud but in village Sevagram near Wardha. Hence for over two years, Ba lived as a pilgrim on/off trains, on missions of mercy and rural development and staying with Bapu if he needed her.

1936 During one of Ba's journeys with Bapu, at KATNI railway station, suddenly Harilal appeared in rags, looking old and ill and shouting "Mata Kasturba Ki Jai" while the crowd was shouting 'Mahatma Gandhi Ki Jai'. In April she met Harilal at Nagpur, alcoholic and in heavy debt. She was most pained by his letters to the press to denigrate Bapu. In May, shocking news came publicly that Harilal had converted to Islam in Bombay with 'Abdullah' as his new name. Kasturba addressed one letter to Harilal and another to the press.

December, 1936 After almost three years of wandering, Kasturba settled down with grand-daughter Manu in a mud but in Segaon near Wardha, where Gandhiji had earlier built a similar but for himself. Her but had one room with thatched roof covered with earthen tiles. Soon Segaon grew into Sevagram Ashram, a community of mud huts. It was 'an academy of principles' according to Bapu but Ba was the 'presiding adjudicator', inspiring equally fierce devotion among coworkers. She at tended classes and learned to read newspapers and letters. She read 12'" Chap ter of Gita and tried to memorize it. Bapu was advised to sleep inside for a check on his high blood pressure. There was no accomodation in his hut. Ba announced: "From now on, Mohandas sleeps in my cattage, and moved herself with her grandson to the verandah. Bapu said "Poor Ba never complains. I can impose on her, make her do anything I like."

1938 Ba accompanied Bapu for a political meeting in Orissa. She, with Mahadev Bhai's wife Durgabehn, and daughter-in- law Sushila, went into the Jagannath temple at Puri, even though Harijans were not allowed inside. Bapu was angry as never before. Ba begged for forgiveness. It was the last time she strayed from Bapu's path of thorns.

31st January, 1939 Satyagraha had erupted in Rajkot again due to the breach of a solemn covenant by the Thakore and his Dewan. Ba was disturbed on hearing about Maniben Patel's arrest. Bapu wrote in the Harijan: "My wife feels so much about sufferings of the people that, though she is as old as I am and much less able than myself to brave such hardships as may be attendant upon jail life, she feels she must go to Rajkot." Ba left with Mridula Sarabhai.

3rd February, 1939 Kasturba was arrested on arrival at Rajkot and confined in the royal summer residence in a dark room. Commented Bapu: "Satyagraha is a struggle in which the oldest and the weakest in body may take part, if they have stout hearts." After 7 days, Ba was released from solitary confinement and Maniben and Mridula were allowed to be with her. Bapu wrote letters to Ba everyday, e.g. "You are being put to a severe test;" "Be brave now". "We all feel your absence." "Rama has always been with you".

27th February, 1939 As the oppression on satyagrahis increased, Gandhiji too arrived at Rajkot.

3rd March, 1939 Finding the conditions beyond defence, he decided to go on fast unto death. Sushila Nayar informed Ba. Ba declined the offer to be taken to Bapu as it was against the principles of satyagraha.

5th March, 1939 Thakore's deputies freed Kasturba and escorted her to Gandhiji's bedside. Since Maniben and Mridula were not released, she went back to her place of imprison ment (now converted into Kasturba Arogyadham). Next day, all three were released.

7th March, 1939 An agreement was reached and Satyagraha in Rajkot ended. The Thakore agreed to appoint a political reform committee, as originally pledged. On return to Sevagram, Ba had cough, cold and malaria. Bapu was worried and sent her to Devdas at Delhi. There, Ba shifted to Sushila Nayar's hostel and had bronchial pneumonia. Back in Devdas's house, she was under intensive care. Bapu sent daily letters. These helped her in recovery. Ba accompanied Bapu to the North-West Frontier Province to help in Hindu Muslim unity. On return she was fully recovered.